What is participle II?
How do you form Participle II? Where is Participle II in the sentence? When do you need this form?
Participle II is formed differently for regular and irregular verbs.
Regular verbs get prefix at the beginning ge- and at the end -t.
Example: paint (infinitive) - painted (participle II)
With irregular verbs, it looks a bit more complicated. Sometimes there is a -en or the vowels in the verb stem are changed to
Example: read (infinitive) -read (participle II)
speak (infinitive) -spoken (participle II)
In our German courses you will be given a list of irregular verbs and together with other participants and qualified teachers you can practise enough.
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- Meaning/ Use
Participle II is used for various grammatical forms.
It can, as in our examples, express the past perfect. Another option for participle II is passive - when the action is more important than the person acting. Finally, participle II can also occur as an adjective, in which case it gets a suffix if it occurs before the noun.
- Participle II in the sentence
Participle II is not conjugated and always comes at the end of the sentence, regardless of whether it is a statement or a question.
Statement: Tobias has the book read.
W-question: Why does Tobias have the book? read?
Yes/no question: Does Tobias have the book? read?
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